Once upon a time…
According to myth, Venus – the Roman goddess for love, beauty, desire and prosperity – was born of sea foam right in front of the Promontory of Punta San Pietro. A temple was dedicated to her, and the surrounding hamlet was thus called Portus Veneris – today’s Portovenere (also correctly written as Porto Venere).
Geography & Heritage
Portovenere is a sea village in the province of La Spezia in Liguria. It is located on the southern tip of a peninsula on the western shore of the Gulf of the Poets (or Gulf of La Spezia). The surrounding pristine waters feature 3 small islands, called Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto. Steep, uneven terrains and dramatic cliffs characterize the coastline, upon which colorful towns are perched.
“The layout and disposition of the small towns and the shaping of the surrounding landscape encapsulate the continuous history of human settlement in this region over the past millennium.” According to UNESCO, this area is a cultural landscape of great scenic and cultural value. For this reason Portovenere, the three islands and the Cinque Terre were designated as a World Heritage Site in 1997.
History in a nutshell
The origins of the hamlet date back to the VI century B.C. with the Indo-European people called Ligures. The fishermen’s village became a naval base under the Byzantine fleet, before being destroyed by the Longobards in 643 A.D. In the following centuries, different powers ruled Portovenere, including the Republic of Genova, Napoleon’s France, and the Kingdom of Sardinia – before being annexed to the Kingdom of Italy in 1861. Portovenere has been a destination for elite tourism for over a century, starting from the 1800s with illustrious figures such as English poet and a leading figure in the Romantic movement, George Gordon Byron (Lord Byron).
Local attractions include a number of beautiful, historic monuments – all of which will be explored in future blog posts. This is just a brief summary of the most characteristic ones! The Sanctuary of the White Madonna is a Romanic-style Church from the XII century, while St. Peter’s Church was built on the site of the ancient Temple of Venus between the V and XIII centuries in a Genovese gothic style. Portovenere hosts one of the most majestic military architectures by the Republic of Genova, the Doria Castle (1161). There is also a Roman Villa from the I century B.C. (Villa Romana del Varignano) and its Antiquarium. The Byron, Azzurra and Tinetto Sea Caves are simply mesmerizing.
Activities in Portovenere
The breathtaking nature provides the perfect landscape for a number of sports: canoeing, windsurfing, diving and snorkeling in the protected waters, which are consistently awarded for their cleanliness; free-climbing, hiking, cycling and trekking along the rugged coast and in the Regional Nature Park of Portovenere. Cooking lessons, wine tasting and guided visits in the typical terraced vineyards are also great fun!
Local celebrations include the torch-lit Procession of the White Madonna in August, the Feast of Patron San Venerio in September, the Basil Festival in April. Portovenere also competes in the thrilling Palio del Golfo regatta.
Seafood reigns supreme, with delicacies such as ‘muscoli’ mussels and oysters that are cultivated right in front of Portovenere, octopus, seabass and gilt-head bream. Traditional dishes include fried fish, codfish with olives and potatoes, ‘scabeccio’ marinated fish, ‘sgabei’ pancakes, focaccia, the ‘mesc-ciua’ legume soup, spaghetti with ‘muscoli’, trofie with pesto…
These are some of the themes that you will get to explore in detail with each and every post by Discover Portovenere Blog: thanks for joining!
Featured image credit: Portovenere by Aconcagua (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons